If a newborn baby is delivered prematurely, usually he needs to be placed in an isolette (or incubator) and monitored carefully by the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of the hospital.
Healthy development requires the fetus to complete a period of 42 weeks inside the mother’s womb. This period ensures that the organs and functions of the baby are fully developed. If a baby is delivered prematurely, for whatever reason, he will need to spend a few weeks or months in the isolette. This will enable the organs and body temperature of the newborn to be monitored regularly, in order to overcome any health complications caused by premature birth.
Premature Birth Causes:
Premature birth can be the result of either a physical or a medical factor, including the following:
- The mother neglecting her health while pregnant.
- Being infected with a disease such as rubella (German measles).
- A placental abruption.
- A congenital disorder.
- The mother’s age and frequency of pregnancy.
Premature babies require special care and medical attention, due to the lack of development of their organs, such as lungs and intestines, which is why they are placed in an isolette, closely monitored by medical staff. Additionally, premature babies cannot regulate their body temperature, and the isolette will ensure this.
Doctors will advise regarding the duration for the baby to stay in the NICU. Usually, babies will remain in an isolette until they complete 42 weeks (equivalent to a full term of pregnancy), or until they reach a healthy weight (1,300-1,400 grams).
Taking Care of Your Premature Baby:
While the baby is in the NICU, the mother is allowed to visit him, as this is necessary for his development.
Once the baby is allowed to leave the NICU, there are a few precautions to take, as his body will be fragile and must be treated carefully. For example, the baby needs to be protected from sick visitors, and kept in a clean and warm environment.
A premature baby’s body can be extremely small, but the mother needs to be patient and monitor her baby’s nutrition and health, until he reaches a good stage of development.